Jamb Government Syllabus 2021 Updated

 Jamb Government Syllabus 2021 Updated 

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jamb government syllabus



JAMB Syllabus For Government | PART 1: ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT


1. Basic Concepts in Government


Topics:


a. Power, Authority, Legitimacy,Sovereignty;

b. Society, State, Nation, Nation-State;

c. Political Processes;Political Socialization, Political Participation, Political Culture.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. identify the fundamental concepts in governance;

ii. analyse various political processes;


2. Forms of Government:


Topics:


Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Autocracy, Republicanism, Democracydefinitions, features, merits and demerits.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. distinguish between different forms of government.


JAMB Syllabus For Government | 3. Arms of Government:


Topics:


a. The Legislature – types, structure, functions, powers;

b. The Executive – types, functions, powers;

c. The Judiciary – functions, powers, components.

d. Their relationships


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. identify the duties and obligations of the various arms of government and their agencies;

ii. relate each arm to its functions;

iii. appreciate how these arms interrelates.


4. Structures of Governance:


Topics:


a. Unitary – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits

b. Federal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits

c. Confederal – features, reasons for adoption, merits and demerits.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. compare the various political structures of governance.


5. Systems of Governance:


Topics:


Presidential, Parliamentary and Monarchical.


objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. distinguish between the different systems of governance.


6. Political Ideologies:


Topics:


Communalism, Feudalism, Capitalism, Socialism, Communism, Totalitarianism, Fascism, Nazism.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. differentiate between the major political ideologies;

ii. contrast modes of production


7. Constitution:


Topics:


Meaning, Sources, Functions, Types – Written, Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. Define and identify sources and functions of constitutions;

ii. compare the nature of constitutions.


8. Principles of Democratic Government:


Topics:


Ethics and Accountability in Public Office, Separation of Power, Checks and Balances, Individual and Collective Responsibility, Constitutionalism, Rule of Law, Representative Government.


objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. identify the principles of democratic government;

ii. determine the application of these principles;


9. Processes of Legislation:


Topics:


Legislative Enactments – acts, edicts, bye-laws, delegated legislation, decrees.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. analyse the processes involved in the making of laws.


JAMB Syllabus For Government | 10. Citizenship:


Topics:


a. Meaning, types;

b. Citizenship rights;

c. Dual citizenship, renunciation, deprivation;

d. Duties and obligations of citizens;

e. Duties and obligations of the state.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. differentiate between the various methods of acquiring citizenship;

ii. specify the rights and responsibilities of a citizen;

iii. assess the obligations of the state.


JAMB Syllabus For Government | 11. The Electoral Process:


Topics:


a. Suffrage – evolution, types;

b. Election – types, ingredients of free and fair election;

c. Electoral System – types, advantages and disadvantages of each;

d. Electoral Commission – functions, problems.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. distinguish the different types of franchise

ii. identify and explain the types of electoral systems

iii. analyse the various electoral processes.


12. Political Parties and Party Systems:


Topics:


a. Political parties – Definition, Organization, functions.

b. Party Systems – Definition, organization, functions.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. assess the role of political parties;

ii. distinguish between types of party systems.


JAMB Syllabus For Government | 13. Pressure Groups:


Topics:


a. Definition, types, functions and modes of operation.

b. Differences between Pressure Groups and Political Parties.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. evaluate the functions and the modus operandi of pressure groups;

ii. distinguish between pressure groups and political parties.


14. Public Opinion:


Topics:


a. Meaning, formation and measurement.

b. Functions and limitations.


objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. compare methods of assessing public opinion;

ii. assess the functions of public opinion;

iii. analyse the limitations of public opinion.


15. The Civil Service:


Topics:


Definition, characteristics, functions, structure, control and problems.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. analyse the significance of civil service in governance.


JAMB Syllabus For Government | PART II POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA


1. Pre – colonial Polities:


Topics:


Pre-jihad Hausa, Emirate, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba

a. Their structural organization;

b. The functions of their various political institutions.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. appreciate the effectiveness of the pre-colonial political systems;

ii. compare pre-colonial systems of governance.


JAMB Syllabus For Government | 2. Imperialist Penetration:


Topics:


a. The British process of acquisition – trade, missionary activities, company rule, crown colony, protectorate;

b. The British colonial administrative policy – direct and indirect rule;

c. The French colonial administrative policy – assimilation and association;

d. Impact of British colonial rule- economic, political, socio-cultural;

e. Comparison of British and French colonial administration.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. trace the processes of imperialist penetration;

ii. assess the impact of British and French policies;

iii. distinguish between British and French colonial practices.


3. Process of Decolonization:


Topics:


a. Nationalism – Meaning, Types;

b. Nationalist Movements – emergence, goals, strategies;

c. Nationalist Leaders – Herbert Macaulay, Nnamdi Azikiwe, Obafemi Awolowo, Ahmadu Bello, Ladipo Solanke, Aminu Kano, J. S. Tarka, Tafawa Balewa and others;

d. Emergence of nationalist parties;

e. Influence of external factors.


Objectives:


Candidates should be able to:


i. evaluate the process of decolonization;

ii. assess the roles of nationalist leaders and parties;

iii. assess the impact of external forces and ideas (Pan-Africanism, Back-to-Africa Movements, Second World War etc)


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